The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the Republic of Ghana, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Parliament and, to that end, appoints ministers, including the Cabinet. The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise.
The Cabinet and independent departments and agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of laws and order. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Ministry of Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency, Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT) and Bank of Ghana.
President John Dramani Mahama and Vice President Kwesi Bekoe Amissah-Arthur head the current administration.